Orofacial Pain Advanced Education Program
Orofacial Pain is that branch of dentistry which involves the basic mechanisms and principles of diagnosis and management of pain and dysfunction associated with the hard and soft tissues of the head, face, neck, and all the intraoral structures. Diagnostic entities range from odontogenic pain, to orofacial pain of neurovascular orofacial pain such as headaches, musculoskeletal orofacial pain such as temporomandibular disorders, neurogenic orofacial pain including neuralgias and neuropathies, and pain associated with psychogenic disorders.
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD), a collective term embracing a number of clinical problems specifically related to the masticatory musculature, the temporomandibular joints and associated structures, or both are also included in the field of orofacial pain.
To become competent in the practice of orofacial pain, the Clinician must gain a current working knowledge of the basic and clinical science of general and orofacial pain, be competent to perform a proper assessment of patients including history taking and physical examination, and develop a management plan. The management plan must be evidence-based and consistent with standards of care set forth by the scientific literature.
Orofacial pain evaluation and treatment is often a shared responsibility between the dentist and physician and considerable overlap exists between the two professions that is distinguished only by the individual's knowledge and training. We believe that training in oral medicine, which involves the diagnosis and primarily nonsurgical management of local diseases of the oral cavity and surrounding structures as well as oral manifestations of systemic disease, also provides an essential link between the dental and medical practitioner. Based on this philosophy, significant areas of oral medicine are also incorporated into the orofacial pain training programs to enable students in this field to have a challenging opportunity to integrate and synthesize basic science and clinical knowledge and apply this information to the field of pain management.
Orofacial Pain One-Year Advanced Education Program
This program is specifically designed for the dentist who wishes to gain a scientific background and additional clinical training in the diagnosis and management of patients with orofacial pain.
The Advanced Education Program is an 11 month program that offers the dentist a collegial environment to accomplish his/her personal objectives. The curriculum is comprised of didactic assignments, clinical experience, medical and dental rotations, and teaching responsibilities. Different types of learning experiences include seminars, lectures, workshops, and self-study activities. Although there is considerable flexibility in the selection and sequencing of the didactic and clinical components, each Clinician is required to complete a series of courses and rotations designed to provide the necessary scientific background for management of patients with orofacial pain.
An important part of the Advanced Education Program is clinical experience which continues across the entire program commencing in the first quarter. The clinical component of the program will comprise about 50% of the student's time. Clinicians are also required to complete a paper of publishable quality for submission to a refereed scientific journal on a topic to be mutually determined by the Clinician and Program Director.
The faculty will assess competence in the field of orofacial pain on a regular basis. The Clinician's knowledge of basic sciences and material presented in didactic lectures will be assessed by a series of written examinations at the end of the program.
Upon successful completion of the Advanced Education Program, a Certificate of Training will be awarded.
Description of Advanced Education Certificate Components
The program requirements for the Advanced Education Program in Orofacial Pain are listed below and each requirement is briefly described on the following pages. Although a specific time period is allocated for each educational activity, the actual time listed is subject to change.
|Dent 5010||Foundations of Oral Biology|
|Dent 5020||Foundations of Oral Biology|
|OFP 701||Seminars in Orofacial Pain|
|OFP 702||Clinical Management of Orofacial Pain|
|OFP 703||Orofacial Pain Literature Review (Journal Club)|
|OFP 704||Grand Rounds in Orofacial Pain|
|OFP 706||Extramural Rotations|
|OM 801||Oral Medicine Grand Rounds|
|OM 806||Oral-Maxillofacial Radiology and Advanced Imaging|
Dent 5010 and 5020: Foundation of Oral Biology and Advanced Biomedical Science for Dentistry (74 hours)
These courses, which are a requirement for all postdoctoral graduate students, are given over a two year period. Because the Advanced Education Program is only one year, students have the option of choosing from any of the courses listed below depending upon scheduling and possible conflicts.
|Head and Neck Anatomy||14 hours|
|Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics||14 hours|
|Radiation Biology and Medical Imaging||12 hours|
OFP 701: Seminars in Orofacial Pain (60 hours)
This seminar series focuses primarily on the diagnosis and management of temporomandibular disorders, musculoskeletal disorders of the head and neck, neurovascular disorders, and neuropathic pain disorders.
OFP 702: Clinical Management of Orofacial Pain
This provides the Clinician with clinical experience in the diagnosis and management of patients referred to the Orofacial Pain Center. As the Clinician progresses, he/she will obtain patient histories, perform examinations, and manage patients using various modalities. All clinical activities are under the direct supervision of the faculty. Clinical activity will comprise about 50% of the Advanced Education Program.
OFP 703: Orofacial Pain Literature Review (Journal
This seminar consists of an overview of the current scientific literature relating to the fundamental of pain and pain management as well as orofacial pain. Each Clinician will be responsible for a specific reading assignment and will lead the seminar. An informal seminar setting is used to encourage stimulating discussion from all the participants. This seminar will be held monthly.
OFP 704: Orofacial Pain Grand Rounds
All new and ongoing patients seen in the clinic are presented by the Clinician in an open discussion with the faculty. Emphasis is on diagnosis and management strategies with all clinical decisions validated and supported by the scientific literature.
OM 801 Oral Medicine Grand Rounds
New and ongoing patients being treated in the Oral Medicine Clinic for other than an orofacial pain problems are presented and discussed in an open forum. This conference meets every week.
OM 806: Oral-Maxillofacial Radiology and Advanced
In addition to topics discussed in the Dent 5010 and 5020 courses, the Fellow will spend time in the Radiology Clinic at the dental school to become familiar with more sophisticated imaging techniques, their indication/selection and interpretation.
OFP 706: Extramural Rotations
Clinicians are assigned to various clinical rotations to gain exposure in various specialized areas including TMJ surgery, Otolaryngology, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Neurology, Headache Management and Rheumatology.
Clinicians have approximately 6 hours per week protected for library work and independent study.
Rutgers School of Dental Medicine is located on the Newark Campus of Rutgers' University. The medical and dental schools, graduate school of biomedical sciences, and the University Hospital are grouped together on an attractive campus with convenient private parking. The Division of Orofacial Pain maintains a separate clinical facility on the "D" level of the dental school.
The following faculty are involved in the Orofacial Pain training program. All are from the Division of Orofacial Pain, which is part of the Department of Diagnostic Sciences.
- Steven R. Singer, DDS, Professor
Acting Chair, Department of Diagnostic Sciences
- Rafael Benoliel, BDS, Professor
Director, Center for Temporomandibular Disorders and Orofacial Pain
- Gary M. Heir, DMD, Clinical Professor
Director Division of Temporomandibular Disorders and Orofacial Pain
- Junad Khan, BDS, MSD, MPH, PHD, Assistant Professor
Coordinator for Basic Research
- Cibele Nasri-Heir, DDS, MSD, Assistant Professor
Coordinator for Clinical Research
- Richard A. Pertes, DDS, Clinical Professor
Coordinator Online Temporomandibular Disorders and Orofacial Pain Course
- Sowmya Ananthan, BDS, DMD, MSD, Clinical Assistant Professor
- Julyana Gomes Zagury, DMD, MSD, Clinical Assistant Professor
- Stanley Markman, DDS, Clinical Assistant Professor
- Bruce Sofferman, DDS, Clinical Assistant Professor
- Davis C. Thomas, BDS, DDS, MSD, Clinical Assistant Professor
- Melissa Beards, Program Administrator
In addition to those faculty listed above, many clinician-scientists in the Department's other divisions also make regular and substantial contributions to the Orofacial Pain Advanced Education Program. Faculty members outside the Department as well as in the Medical School also contribute to the program.
EVALUATION OF STUDENT
For satisfactory completion of the program, the Clinician must:
- Complete attendance requirements of the program.
- Demonstrate clinical competence as determined by the clinical faculty of the Division of Orofacial Pain.
- Achieve a minimum grade of 70% on a comprehensive written examination at the conclusion of the program.
- Submit a written paper of publishable quality using author's guidelines of the Journal of Orofacial Pain. The Program Director and the Clinicain will mutually agree upon a topic.
Upon satisfactory completion of all of the above requirements, a Certificate of Completion will be awarded.
Applicants to the Orofacial Pain Advanced Education Program are expected to have a strong background in the biological and health sciences. Applicants must have a DDS/DMD degree or its equivalent from an accredited dental school. Applicants with foreign degrees will be considered individually upon an evaluation of their curriculum vitae and training. Although Graduate Record Examination (GRE), Dental Aptitude Test, and National Board scores are not required, they can be submitted in support of the application. Advanced dental education in a GPR or dental specialty is recommended.
The applicant should fulfill each of the following requirements:
- Be a citizen of the United States, a non-citizen national, or a foreign national having in his/her possession a visa permitting temporary status in the United States.
- Be a dentist who has a DDS/DMD degree or its equivalent (see above).
- Demonstrate a proficiency in English through submission of the TOEFL examination score.
- Submit a completed application to the Division of Orofacial Pain.
- Attend a personal interview whenever possible.
For an application for the Orofacial Pain Advanced Education Program, go here
The application for The Advanced Education Program in Orofacial Pain is processed by the office of Continuing Dental Education, Rutgers School of Dental Medicine. Please download the application at:
Mail the completed application to:
Gary M. Heir, DMD
Division of Orofacial Pain
Rutgers School of Dental Medicine
110 Bergen Street
Newark, NJ 07103
Two-Year Orofacial Pain Master's Program
This program combines the One-Year Orofacial Pain Advanced Education Program with a Master's Program offered by the Department of Oral Biology.
Two degrees are offered:
The Master (MSD) program is designed to train students for a career in academic dentistry focused on research. To accomplish this objective, each student completes a thirty-credit program comprising eighteen didactic credits and a twelve-credit thesis/research project.
The Master of Dental Science (MDS) program is designed to give students a more in-depth understanding of the biological processes underlying their clinical specialty. The program is for students who want to learn to interpret the literature, and evaluate and criticize current practices. It is not intended for those students who want to pursue a research-based thesis project. The objective of the program is to enable the students to become critical thinkers and evaluators of best practices in dentistry. To accomplish these objectives, each student will have to complete a thirty-credit didactic program.
Program Director is:
Gary M. Heir, DMD
Director, Division of Orofacial Pain
For application guidelines and application the Masters Program go to:
24 hours after completing the online application, students can upload supporting documents at:
For online application for the Advanced Education Program click the following link.
Please print and mail the completed form with all required documentation including the application fee to:
Gary M. Heir, DMD
Division of Orofacial Pain
Rutgers School of Dental Medicine
110 Bergen Street
Newark, NJ 07103
Please note that you may apply for either the one year Advanced Education Program, for the Masters Program, or both. You may choose which program in which to enroll should you be accepted to both. Both applications require a non refundable application fee of $50.00 and $200.00 respectively.